Pristine forests, snaking rivers, marshy grasslands, steep cliffs and table top mounains creates an ecosystem that supports myriads of life forms. This creates a biodiversity that is worthy of being preserved in ever sinking space occupied by urban surroundings and the infrastructure development taking place at a rapid pace in India. Sal is the primary flora besides saaz, dhawa, beheda, harra, bel, jamun, palas, amaltas, tendu, tinsa, Indian ghost tree, garri, arjun, banyan, son pakad, peepul, pakri, wild mango, ber and many more. Bamboo is found on the slopes of the table top mountains and in the mixed forest zones.
For the green World Bandhavgarh is a jewel in the crown. It is home to one of the most endangered creature on Earth. The creature is without doubt the most beautiful or charismatic as well. It dwells in a complex surroundings absolutely at peace with oneself and thriving. Yes the species is locally thriving as a prime predator or tertiary carnivore. Being at top of the food chain it is the preserver of the ecosystem.
Humans lived here a long time back around two thousand years or more. The Gond tribes built a fort complex comprising of fort, courts, stables, caves, temples, and the zoomorphic idols of Lord Vishnu kept them spiritually connected to the creator. The last Maharajah ruled over the fort before deserting it for the better pastures at Rewa a township in Madhya Pradesh or Central India.
The Maharajah now is the tiger as it rules over this esoteric kingdom of animals and birds. There are plenty of birds, reptiles, insects and microorganisms that thrive here in wild abundance. This microcosm of life is a fragile web that support each other and the humans too.
The most sought after animal is the tiger and this preservation unit is meant to increase ts severely depleted population in India. The unit has seen remarkable success with numbers increasing every year. This breeding ground of big cats has been provided with intense protection and is subject to conservation measures some of which are natural while some depend upon human intervention.
A tiger conservation unit indirectly benefits all life forms and so is the case with Bandhavgarh. The population of herbivores like deer, antelopes, and primates which constitute the main prey of the big cats has substantially increased in the park. The park is home to more that two hundred fifty species of birds and about twenty plus species of reptiles or snakes. Python, cobra, krait, vipers, rat snake, tree snakes, racers, trinket snakes and keelbacks are often seen during the day.
Among the wild animals Nilgai, chinkara, barking deer, chital, sambar, langur, wild boars and bison are seen during the safaris. The park is divided into core area and the outer area called buffer. The core is the best breeding ground although the wild animals have spread to the buffer as well.
Popular for tourism Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve is ideal for photography. Many filmmakers and wildlife enthusiasts visit the reserve. But the largest number of visitors are the holiday makers.